Purpose: Patients with liver cirrhosis are generally considered to be "auto-anticoagulated" because of coagulopathy and thrombocytopenia. However, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) has been reported in patients with liver cirrhosis. The objectives of this study were to know the prevalence of DVT among cirrhotic patients and to compare clinical pictures between cirrhotic patients with and without DVT. Methods: A case-control study was performed on the basis of medical record data of patients with liver cirrhosis admitted between August 2004 and July 2007 in Medistra hospital in Jakarta. Diagnosis of DVT was established by duplex Doppler ultrasonography of the lower extremities. Patients with splanchnic thrombosis were excluded from this study. Diagnosis of liver cirrhosis was based on history and clinical manifestation, consistent with liver cirrhosis and confirmed by ultrasonography or computed tomography. Results: A total of 256 patients with liver cirrhosis were included in this study; 164 (64.1%) among them were men. Patients' mean age was 60.5 ± 12.5 years, ranging from 16 to 88 years. Viral hepatitis accounted for 74.6% of patients with liver cirrhosis. DVT was found in 12 (4.7%) patients. There was no significant laboratory difference between cirrhotic patients with and without DVT (serum albumin, platelet count, aminotransferases, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin levels, and prothrombin time). Diabetes mellitus was significantly higher in the DVT group than that in the control group (66.6 vs. 34.0%, P = 0.025). Multivariate analysis confirmed diabetes mellitus as an independent risk factor for the occurrence of DVT (odds ratio = 4.26; 95% confidence interval = 1.206-15.034; P = 0.024). Conclusions: The prevalence of DVT in patients with liver cirrhosis was 4.7%, and Deep vein thrombosis is not a rare condition in cirrhotic patients with coagulopathy and warrants further studies on the mechanisms and prevention.
- Liver cirrhosis