Dealing with negative role modelling in shaping professional physician: an exploratory study

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OBJECTIVE: To explore negative role modelling by medical teachers in developing professionalism. METHODS: The qualitative study using a transcendental phenomenology design was conducted at at Tanjungpura University, Indonesia, from December 2017 to February 2018, and comprised of 6 medical students from academic phase, 6 medical students from clinical phase, 8 medical teachers, 4 clinical teachers, 6 alumni and 5 programme managers. Data was collected through 5 focus group discussions and 5 in-depth interviews. Thematic analysis was applied to explore negative role modelling in the pre-clinical and clinical phase of the learning process. Data was analysed using the steps for coding and theorisation method. RESULTS: There were 30 respondents in five focus group discussions and 5 interviews were held with programme managers. There were three themes identified: medical teacher as a role model, process of role modelling, and nurturing medical professionalism. The presence of negative role modelling was evident in the discussions. Both positive and negative role modelling could influence the medical professionalism. Negative role modelling of medical teachers is a phenomenon often found in medical professionalism development. CONCLUSIONS: Negative role modelling requires a more active process to develop professionalism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1527-1532
Number of pages6
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020


  • Negative role modelling, Medical professionalism, Medical teacher.


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