CuO-bentonite-gold nanocomposites: Facile green preparation and their characterization

Dewangga Oky Bagus Apriandanu, Yoki Yulizar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, we design a facile green preparation of CuO-bentonite-gold nanocomposites by a pillarization-immobilization method. Bentonite has been successfully pillared with CuO (CuO-Bentonite) by using Tinospora crispa leaf extract. Gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) has immobilized in the interlayer of CuO-Bentonite. The presence of an amine group acts as a source of nitrogen bases for a hydrolyzing agent in the formation of CuO-bentonite. Meanwhile, the flavonoid secondary metabolites play an essential role in reducing Au3+ to Au0 nanoparticles. The dspacing value of CuO-bentonite was greater than dspacing value of Na-bentonite at 2θ of 5.29°, indicating CuO has been pillared in the bentonite interlayer. Moreover, AuNPs was systemically formed in the interlayer of CuO-bentonite confirmed by XRD and EDX. The morphology of CuO-bentonite-gold nanocomposites was in a layered shape with a particle size of approximately 30 nm. Additionally, this work reported a simple, affordable, and less-toxic method to modify bentonite for better performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128911
JournalMaterials Letters
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021


  • Characterization
  • CuO-bentonite-gold nanocomposites
  • Pillarization
  • Tinospora crispa extract


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