Cultural adaptation and validation of the CaSPUN (Cancer survivors' partners unmet needs) measure among partners of gynecological cancers

Haryani Haryani, Yati Afiyanti, Besral

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose: The partners of cancer patients commonly provide the needs of cancer patients along cancer trajectory except for patients with gynecological cancer. In developing countries including Indonesia, who have strong family bonding, the family of cancer patients are involved more intensely in providing cancer care. This situation may bring the cancer patients' families experience the burden and decrease their quality of life. Therefore, assessing the family's supportive needs are as important as patient supportive needs. There are more gynecological cancer survivors in Indonesia; however, little is recognized about partners' supportive needs due to lack of validated assessment tools to measure it. This study aimed to translate, culturally adapted and test the validity and reliability of the CaSPUN questionnaire among partner of Indonesia gynecological cancer patients. Design: First, the procedures of forward-backward translation and modification of the CaSPUN were conducted to ensure cultural adaptation. Second, using convenience sampling with 295 partners of gynecological cancer patients, we tested the construct validity and internal consistency of the CaSPUN-Indonesia Version (CaSPUN-I). We conducted Exploratory Factor Analysis to explore the factor structure of CaSPUN-I and Cronbach Alpha to confirm internal consistency reliability. Results: The CaSPUN were modified to make more understandable and culturally appropriate in the Indonesian context. Five factors were extracted from EFA in the CaSPUN-I with factor loadings of items between 0.41 and 0.85. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the CaSPUN-I ranged from 0.96-0.97. Conclusion: The CaSPUN Indonesia version presents acceptable validity and reliability for assessing supportive care needs among families of Indonesian gynecological cancer patients. The CaSPUN-I can be used by healthcare providers to assess and design the supportive care program for family of Indonesia gynecological cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalPhilippine Journal of Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • Cancersurvivor
  • CaSPUN
  • Cross-culturaladaption
  • Indonesia
  • Needsassessment


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