Cultivation of Synechococcus HS-9 in a novel rectangular bubble column photobioreactor with horizontal baffle

Arif Rahman, Juno Dwi Putra, Nining Betawati Prihantini, T. M.I. Mahlia, M. Aziz, Deendarlianto, N. Nasruddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


As a source for third-generation biofuel, microalgae can assist island countries to overcome their energy crisis. In this study, a novel photobioreactor having three segments is designed and Synechococcus HS-9 growth in the photobioreactors with and without a baffle is compared. The aims of this study are to investigate how the baffle influences bubble size, distribution, and velocity, to explain the bubble coalescence phenomena, and verify the effect of the baffle on Synechococcus HS-9 growth. The results showed that bubble size distribution in the photobioreactors paralleled the increasing air flow rate. At a flow rate of 1.0 L/min, most bubbles had a diameter of 200–400 μm; however, at 2.5 L/min, the typical size was 1400–2000 μm. Bubble velocity was observed through imaging techniques. The intake air flow rate of 1 LPM has a mass transfer coefficient value of 0.00075 m/s for the photobioreactor without the baffle and 0.00089 m/s for the baffle-bearing photobioreactor. The Sauter mean diameters at three different heights (A, B and C section) in the photobioreactors were 675 μm, 1001 μm, and 1125 μm. Synechococcus HS-9 growth was 2.17 times higher in the baffle-bearing photobioreactor than that in the photobioreactor without the baffle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101264
JournalCase Studies in Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Bubble coalescence
  • Horizontal baffle
  • Microalgae
  • Photobioreactor
  • Synechococcus and cyanobacteria


Dive into the research topics of 'Cultivation of Synechococcus HS-9 in a novel rectangular bubble column photobioreactor with horizontal baffle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this