Crystalinity index evaluation of Dendrocalumus asper fibers through variation of chemical treatment

E. Yuanita, Ismojo, H. K. Adi, M. Chalid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recently, the use of natural fibers as reinforcing agents or fillers in thermoplastic polymer matrices has been of much concern to researchers because they are renewable, environmentally friendly and abundant in nature. In addition to the benefits provided by natural fibers, the strong polar nature of the surface causes its use as a reinforcement in the thermoplastic non-polar matrix to be limited. This problem can be overcome by surface treatment methods that aim to change the polar properties of natural fibers to be non-polar, so that the compatibility of natural-thermoplastic polymer fibers becomes better. In this study, the method of natural fiber treatment, namely bleaching-hydrolysis and TEMPO treatment was applied to Dendrocalumus Asper fibers (betung bamboo). The effect of chemical treatment on crystallinity index was evaluated by XRD instruments. FE-SEM and FTIR were used to describe the morphology and chemical composition of treated and untreated fibers. Based on the results of the data obtained from the experiment, it was shown that the fibers undergoing bleaching-hydrolysis treatment produced better crystallinity index properties than TEMPO treatment and untreated fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019
EditorsOsi Arutanti, Ahmad Randy, Muhammad Arifuddin Fitriady
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2019
Event5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019, ISAC 2019 - Bumi Serpong Dama (BSD) City, Tangerang, Indonesia
Duration: 23 Oct 201924 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2175
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019, ISAC 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityBumi Serpong Dama (BSD) City, Tangerang
Period23/10/1924/10/19

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    Yuanita, E., Ismojo, Adi, H. K., & Chalid, M. (2019). Crystalinity index evaluation of Dendrocalumus asper fibers through variation of chemical treatment. In O. Arutanti, A. Randy, & M. A. Fitriady (Eds.), Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019 [020060] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2175). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5134624