Critical Control management in Indonesia Mining Industry

Rizky Anggito, Ridwan Zahdi Syaaf

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Mining activities are known to have many risks with potential adverse impacts to the health and safety of its workers. Data from 2010 to 2014 showed that there were 997 mining accidents in Indonesia, with 146 of those accidents were fatalities. The causes of these fatalities are mainly due to too many controls on unwanted events, unclear accountability, and poor control quality assurance. Improvement on managerial control over rare but potentially catastrophic events needs to be made to prevent these fatalities from recurring. One of the well-known methods that can be adopted is the International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) Critical Control Management (CCM) process. The purpose of this review is to identify the challenges and potential benefits of implementing CCM in Indonesia. The expected outcomes are an improvement in operational risk management, change in focus, and decreasing complexity in the overall health and safety system in Indonesia. These objectives could be achieved by reviewing the CCM process applied to mining industry including the use of specific bowtie risk assessment methodology and literature study on the current application of risk controls. From the review, it has become apparent that to prevent accidents, identification of critical risks needs to be supplemented by critical controls. Strong leadership is of the essence to be able to face the challenges, positively engage workers and make better safety system works in sustainable manner. Complementary, development of regulatory requirement for a critical control management approach may accelerate CCM implementation in Indonesia but above all, Companies should recognize that improving their safety system is a 'good-business' and need to have it embedded as their core business value.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventInternational Conference of Occupational Health and Safety (ICOHS 2017) - ID, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Jan 2018 → …


ConferenceInternational Conference of Occupational Health and Safety (ICOHS 2017)
Period1/01/18 → …


  • Risk Management, Critical Control Management, Incident Investigation, Health and Safety Management System


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