Coworking space: Second place, third place, or both?

S. Firdaus, A. H. Fuad

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study discusses the shifting function of places between First Place, Second Place, and Third Place in a coworking space and workplace by understanding the relationship between spatial designs and behaviors possibility by its nested affordances. In building smart cities, the aspects of workplaces must be considered. The study engaged with the implementation of the character's perception into space, based on Gibson's theory of nested affordances in interactions between perception and action. With affordances as interactive possibilities from particular objects or environments. This research employed a means-end hierarchy method to acknowledge the nested relationship that occurs in two study cases. The study is a literature study about nested spaces in a workspace using secondary data from articles, web, and social media. The study reveals that space or place from a particular feature does not always have the same nested feature and functions as space or place that it occupies, which creates nesting function of places from first place, second place, third place, and vice versa. Showing how smart workplaces accommodates various needs of the workers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012045
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2021
Event3rd International Conference on Smart City Innovation, ICSCI 2020 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 5 Aug 20206 Aug 2020


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