COVID-19 disease transmission model considering direct and indirect transmission

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2 Citations (Scopus)


A mathematical model for understanding the COVID-19 transmission mechanism proposed in this article considering two important factors: the path of transmission (direct-indirect) and human awareness. Mathematical model constructed using a four-dimensional ordinary differential equation. We find that the Covid-19 free state is locally asymptotically stable if the basic reproduction number is less than one, and unstable otherwise. Unique endemic states occur when the basic reproduction number is larger than one. From sensitivity analysis on the basic reproduction number, we find that the media campaign succeeds in suppressing the endemicity of COVID-19. Some numerical experiments conducted to show the dynamic of our model respect to the variation of parameters value.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12008
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2020
Event5th International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System, ICENIS 2020 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 12 Aug 202013 Aug 2020


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