We investigated the gut microbiota in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its correlation with fibrosis and steatosis stratified by body mass index, as reflected in the controlled attenuation parameter and transient elastography values. A cross-sectional study was performed on 37 patients with NAFLD at Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital from December 2018 to March 2019. The gut microbiota was investigated in fecal samples with 16S RNA sequencing using the MiSeq next-generation sequencing platform (Illumina). NAFLD was more common in patients with metabolic syndrome. Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Proteobacteria were the predominant phyla. Bacteroides was more dominant than Prevotella, contrary to the results of previous studies on healthy populations in Indonesia. Microbiota dysbiosis was observed in most samples. The gastrointestinal microbiota diversity was significantly decreased in patients with NAFLD, high triglyceride levels, and central obesity. The Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio correlated with steatosis and obesity, whereas some of the other species in lower taxonomy levels were mostly associated with steatosis and obesity without fibrosis. Proteobacteria was the only phylum strongly correlated with fibrosis in patients with an average body mass index. The gut microbiota diversity was decreased in patients with NAFLD, high triglyceride levels, and central obesity, and certain gut microbes were correlated with fibrosis and steatosis.
- dysbiosis of gut microbiota
- ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes