Correlation of CD4 counts with clinical and histopathological findings in disseminated histoplasmosis: a 10-year retrospective study

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Abstract

Background: Disseminated cutaneous histoplasmosis (DCH) is one of the manifestations of systemic histoplasmosis infection in HIV-positive patients. Interaction between host immune status and histoplasmosis infection is still poorly understood. It is thought that immune status, represented by CD4 counts, may be correlated with clinical and histopathological findings. Objective: To correlate the CD4 counts with the different clinical and histopathological findings in cutaneous histoplasmosis. Methods: This was a serial case report of seven HAART-treated HIV positive patients with disseminated histoplasmosis observed within the period of January 2004 through December 2014 from the Dermatology and Venereology Department, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. The patients came with different complaints and clinical findings. CD4 counts were recorded prior to lesion biopsy. Results: The CD4 counts were independent from clinical morphology and distribution of lesions. Lower CD4 counts were associated with the presence of intraepidermal yeast-like cells, whereas there is the ability of forming granulomas at higher CD4 counts. Conclusion: CD4 count correlates to histopathological findings of cutaneous histoplasmosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)926-931
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Dermatology
Volume56
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

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