Correlation of Body Mass Index and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis of Total Body Fat with Serum Lipid Profile

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Abstract

Since dyslipidemia is a known primary factor that can cause cardiovascular disease, it is important to evaluate the parameters of serum lipid profile. Determination of body mass index (BMI) and total body fat using the impedance method can be applied as an indirect strategy to predict body fat. Both these methods are easy to perform and can be used by the community. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of BMI and total body fat measured using the impedance method with serum lipid profile. Using a cross-sectional study design, 128 subjects were recruited in this investigation and their lipid profiles were evaluated at the Clinical Pathology Laboratory, Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta. Body weight, height, and total body fat using the impedance method were measured. Lipid profile data, i.e., the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol, were obtained from the Clinical Pathology Laboratory information system in April–Juni 2016. Data were analyzed by the Pearson test to determine the relationship of BMI and total body fat measured using the impedance method with serum lipid profile. The results showed no significant correlation between BMI and serum lipid profile (P > 0.5), no significant correlation was found between total body fat and serum lipid profile (P > 0.5) and no correlation was found in each group of subjects with normal and high total body fat. In conclusion there is no association of BMI and total body fat with the lipid profile parameters, including the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol (p>0.05). Keywords: body mass index, impedance method, serum lipid profile, total body fat.
Original languageEnglish
JournaleJournal Kedokteran Indonesia
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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