Correlation between the extent of smoking, salivary protein profiles, and dental caries in young adult smokers

Endang W. Bachtiar, Destri S. Gusliana, Boy M. Bachtiar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context. Proteins in the saliva are one of the defense mechanism factors that can protect the oral cavity from disease. However, smoking might affect the properties of saliva. Aim: To determine the differences in salivary protein profiles and total concentrations in smokers and non-smokers and their correlation with dental caries severity as indicated by the Decayed, Missing, Filled-Teeth (DMF-T) scores. Methods and material: This cross-sectional study included 25 smokers and 25 non-smokers. The DMF-T scores were recorded. The total salivary protein was measured by the Bradford method, and the profile proteins were determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Results: The average of salivary protein concentration in smokers was lower than that in non-smokers (551.486 µg/mL versus 765.361 µg/mL), but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Further correlation analyses showed a negative correlation between the concentration of proteins based on the extent of smoking. A weak negative correlation was found between protein concentration and DMF-T scores (r = −0.239). Dominant salivary protein bands of 11.6 kDa and 54.5 kDa were found in smokers and 27 kDa, 60 kDa, and 94.5 kDa were found in non-smokers. Conclusion: Different protein bands appeared in smokers and non-smokers. There was a weak correlation between protein concentration, DMF-T scores, and the extent of smoking.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSaudi Dental Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • DMF-T scores
  • Molecular weight
  • Protein bands
  • Salivary protein
  • SDS-PAGE
  • Smokers

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