Correlation between snoring, apnea and obstruction of upper respiratory tract: (population study in Jakarta and its vicinity)

Miesje Karmiati Purwanegara, Retno Hayati Sugiarto, Hartono Abdurachman, Bambang Sutrisna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Obstruction of Upper Respiratory Tract (OURT) may developed a various symptoms on certain children, which during the development period might cause dentocraniofacial deviation, and furthermore low self esteem. The characteristic of patients with OURT are mouth breathing (MB), sleep with snoring loudly, and on certain children may occur Obstruction Sleep Apnea (OSA). The correlation between snoring and OSA with OURT. Across sectional design study was done with 285 OURT subjects. All subjects were divided into two groups, 9-12 years, and 12-15 years group. Data obtained from cephalometric analyses and questionnaire, and analysed with chi quadrate analyses. The results showed Fujioka ratio on OURT subjects experience apnea and snoring, both for two different age categories (age 9-11 years and 12-15 years) were approximately the same with subjects no experience (p > 0.05). McNamara modification line on both age group showed no difference (p > 0.05) between experience and no experience apnea during sleep, but there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) on subjects experience snoring during sleep. There was no relation between Fujioka ratio and McNamara modification line with the apnea suffered by OURT subjects in the two age groups. There was no relation between snoring with Fujioka ratio in the two age groups. Meanwhile, there was a relation between McNamara modification line with snoring experienced by OURT subjects in age group 12-15 years. McNamara modification line on OURT subjects showed significant difference between snoring and no snoring during sleep, both in age category of 9-11 years and 12-15 years. There was a relation between McNamara modification line with snoring experienced by OURT subjects in age group 12-15 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-291
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • And Obstruction Sleep Apnea (OSA)
  • Mouth breathing (MB)
  • Obstruction of Upper Respiratory Tract (OURT)
  • Snoring

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