Correlation between chemical composition of curcuma domestica and curcuma xanthorrhiza and their antioxidant effect on human low-density lipoprotein oxidation

Ibrahim Jantan, Fadlina Chany Saputri, Muhammad Naeem Qaisar, Fhataheya Buang

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Abstract

The antioxidant activity of the curcuminoids of Curcuma domestica L. and C. xanthorrhiza Roxb. and eight compounds which are prevalent constituents of their rhizome oils were investigated in an effort to correlate human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) antioxidant activity with the effect of the herbs and their components. The antioxidant activity was examined using thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARSs) assay with human LDL as the oxidation substrate. The methanol extracts and rhizome oils of C. xanthorrhiza and C. domestica showed strong inhibitory activity on copper-mediated oxidation of LDL. Curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin, isolated from the methanol extracts of both plants, exhibited stronger activity than probucol (ICvalue 0.57 mol/L) as reference, with ICvalues ranging from 0.15 to 0.33 mol/L. Xanthorrhizol, the most abundant component (31.9%) of the oil of C. xanthorrhiza, showed relatively strong activity with an ICvalue of 1.93 mol/L. The major components of C. domestica, ar-turmerone (45.8%) and zerumbone (3.5%), exhibited ICvalues of 10.18 and 24.90 mol/L, respectively. The high levels of curcuminoids in the methanol extracts and xanthorrhizol, ar-turmerone and zerumbone in the oils, and in combination with the minor components were responsible for the high LDL antioxidant activity of the herbs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number438356
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2012

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