Correlation between calcium and phosphate levels to calculus accumulation on coronary heart disease patients

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) or Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is a disease that happened because of blood flow being blocked by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a process of hardening of the arteries which characterized by thickening and loss of elasticity of the intimal layer of vascular wall, by lipid deposit. Periodontitis is a chronic multifactorial inflammatory disease caused by microorganism and characterized by progressive destruction of the tooth supporting apparatus leading to tooth loss. Many studies use saliva as a valuable source for clinically information, as an asset for early diagnosis, prognostic and reviewer for pascatherapy status. Dental calculus had happened as a consequence of saliva supersaturation by calcium and phosphate. Salivary flow rate and its composition influence the formation of calculus. Increasing salivary calcium levels is characteristic of periodontitis patients. An important hipotesis in Cardiology is chronic infections contribute in atherosclerosis. Objective: To analyse the correlation between calcium and phosphate levels in saliva to calculus accumulation on CHD patients. Result: Correlation analysis between salivary calcium levels with calculus accumulation in patients with CHD and non-CHD showed no significant p value, p=0.59 and p=0.518. Correlation analysis between salivary phosphate levels and calculus accumulation showed no significant p value, p=0.836 for CHD patients and p=0.484 for non-CHD patients. Conclusion: There are no correlation between calcium levels and phosphate levels with calculus accumulation in CHD patients. Further research need to be done.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomedical Engineering's Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 1st International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2016
EditorsYudan Whulanza, Sugeng Supriadi, Muhamad Sahlan, Basari
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414853
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2017
Event1st International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical Engineering's Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2016 - Depok City, Indonesia
Duration: 31 May 20161 Jun 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1817
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference1st International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical Engineering's Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2016
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityDepok City
Period31/05/161/06/16

Keywords

  • calcium levels
  • calculus accumulation
  • coronary heart disease
  • phosphate levels

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