Maintenance and turnaround projects are carried out regularly at fertilizer plants, which, will not only incur large costs and consume resources, but also result in lost sales figures from non-operation of the plant during the turnaround maintenance project work. This study aims to identify the current turnaround maintenance planning process that may contribute to the extension of the turnaround maintenance work duration, to rank the risks that have the potential to hinder turnaround project time performance and determine a risk response based strategy to improve project time performance. The research identifies several activities in the project that have an influence on project time performance. The risks in each of these activities are identified using qualitative methods and are assessed and ranked to obtain high-ranking risks. The risk response based strategy is determined with expert validation to improve project time performance. Several strategies relate to managing contractors as an integral part of turnaround maintenance projects. In addition to the contractor management strategy, the long delivery item procurement management strategy and spare parts procurement management are important strategies to maintain the turnaround maintenance project time performance.