Contraceptive use in Indonesia: a history of the programme and the characteristics of users.

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Abstract

In Indonesia, President Suharto instituted a population policy in the late 1960s to achieve national development goals. The government also introduced education, health, and economic-oriented development programs. Since then, it has continued to provide political, legal, moral, administrative, and financial support to the national family planning (FP) program. The program was first introduced in the most populous provinces of Java and Bali. It eventually spread to the remaining provinces. It has 3 component programs to achieve national population goals: on extension program (IEC activities and free contraceptives), program maintenance (community-based distribution), and an institutionalization program (integrated programs, population education, and recruiting community leaders). In 1987, the FP Self-Reliance and Blue Circle Campaign programs began to turn FP responsibilities over to communities and individuals. Between 1967 and 1981, the total fertility rate (TFR) fell from 5.61 to 4.06. The greatest fertility declines were in Bali (48.11%) and North Sulawesi (47.2%). An analysis of 1987 National Indonesian Contraceptive Prevalence Survey data shows that the TFR fell from 4.3 to 3.5 (23%) between 1984 and 1987. Between 1980 and 1987, the contraceptive use rate rose from 27 to 48%. Java and Bali had the highest contraceptive user rates. Large family size had a significant positive effect on contraceptive use. Educated women were more likely to use contraceptives than uneducated women, especially in Outer Java-Bali regions. In some regions, the husband's education affected contraceptive use. Muslim women were less likely to use contraceptives than other women in Bali and Outer Java-Bali I. Even though urban women had the highest use rates, the FP program was more successful in rural areas. The success of the national FP program and other development programs accounted for the fertility decline as well as the decline in mortality, resulting in a fall in the population growth rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-79
Number of pages55
JournalMajalah Demografi Indonesia
Volume19
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1992

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