Continuous positive airway pressure for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea

Fariz Nurwidya, Agus Dwi Susanto, Dafsah Arifa Juzar, Isao Kobayashi, Faisal Yunus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a recurrent episode of partial or complete upper airway obstruction during sleep despite ongoing respiratory efforts and is implicated as the risk factor of cardiovascular disease. The OSA syndrome is typified by recurring partial or total occlusion of the pharynx, sleep fragmentation, episodes of gasping, and, eventually, daytime sleepiness. If it is left untreated, OSA syndrome can cause hypertension, coronary artery disease, congestive heart disease, insulin resistance and death. In this review, we describe the pathogenesis and diagnosis of OSA. We also focused on the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as the main therapy for OSA. CPAP has been shown to provide benefit for not only respiratory system, but also for cardiovascular system and metabolic system. Finally, we discussed briefly about the issue of adherence of using CPAP that could contribute to lower compliant in patient with OSA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-75
Number of pages4
JournalPneumologia
Volume65
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Continuous positive airway pressure
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

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