Construction Project Safety Climate in Indonesia

Paul Mangiring, Fatma Lestari

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Construction and engineering sector makes important contributions to the economic, social, and environmental goals of a nation; however, it has a poor reputation of an unsafe industry to work. Safety climate is the perceived value placed on safety in an organization at a particular point in time. These perception and beliefs can be influenced by attitude, values, opinions, and actions of other workers who are involved in an organization’s project. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety climate as an important part of macro ergonomics domains and determine the importance of each safety climate factor in a construction company. The Macroergonomic Organizational Questionnaire Survey (MOQS) method was used in this study to collect data. The questionnaire used was the applied safety climate questionnaire presented by Prof Martin Loosemore and Dr. Riza Yosia Sunindijo of the UNSW, Sydney, Australia, and Professor Fatma Lestari of the University of Indonesia. The questionnaire was distributed to the respondents from a sample with 5 percent accuracy and 95 percent confidence level. Data collected were then analyzed using SPSS V.22 software and Kolmogorov–Smirnov Method. The number of returned valid questionnaires was 21 of 22 or 95.45 response rate. The participants consisted of 66.7 percent man and 33.3 percent women with an average of age 27.57 years old (95% CI: 25.48–29.67). Most of the respondents had an undergraduate degree (76.2%), while the remaining respondents graduated from a diploma program (23.8%). The average length of work in construction among respondents was 3.33 years (95% CI: 2.17–4.50). The results indicated that mean of safety climate score was 216.76 (95% CI: 209.14–224.38). No relationship was found between age and safety climate (p-value 0.620), sex and safety climate score (p-value 0.550), education and safety climate score (p-value 0.869), and length of work in construction and safety climate score (p-value 0.751).
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventInternational Conference of Occupational Health and Safety (ICOHS 2017) - ID, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Jan 2018 → …


ConferenceInternational Conference of Occupational Health and Safety (ICOHS 2017)
Period1/01/18 → …


  • safety climate, safety of work environment, Macroergonomics Organizational Questionnaire Survey (MOQS), Kolmogorov–Smirnov Method


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