Confucianism norms in the establishment of the miniskirt policy in South Korea in 1973

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This study analyses the influence of Confucianism norms on the miniskirt
policy in South Korea in 1973. The Miniskirt policy is one of the policies
contained in the Minor Offences Act or Gyeongbeomjoecheobeolbeop which
was passed in 1973. In this law, one of the violations is overexposure, which
refers to women wearing miniskirts. At that time, the police usually carried
a ruler on patrol and often stopped women who wore skirts to measure the
length. If the skirt worn has a hemline of 17 cm above the knee, the woman
will be penalized. This policy was made because the view of the miniskirt
does not fit the norms and traditions of the Korean women clothing, which
creates controversy. Therefore, the research question in this study is how
Confucianism norms justify the miniskirt policy for Korean women. This
study uses a descriptive analysis method with the help of literature study.
This study aims to explain Confucianism norms as the influence of the
establishment of the South Korean miniskirt policy in 1973. The results
show that the establishment of the miniskirt policy in 1973 was triggered by
Confucianism norms, especially dress etiquette for Korean women which
were regulated by Confucian officials. This norm was re-emphasized during
the Park Chung-hee era through this policy, where Confucianism was a
value that was applied to his government to strengthen the identity of the
Korean nation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-56
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Korean Applied Linguistics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2022


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