"Comprehensive management of malignant otitis externa with tuberculosis and cranial nerve paresis in geriatrics"

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Abstract

Background: Malignant otitis externa is an inflammatory condition of the external ear which has the propensity to spread to the skull base. It can be a difficult entity to treat as clinical presentation varies and response to treatment differs between patients. Purpose: Evaluating the management of malignant otitis externa with complications in geriatric patients who had multiple comorbidities. Case: A 71 years old female with a diagnosis of left malignant otitis externa with complications of multiple cranial nerve palsies (N.VII, IX, X) and comorbidity in the form of diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease. The patient underwent subtotal temporal bone resection and petrosectomy. Clinical Question: “Could surgical management of malignant otitis externa with cranial nerve palsies complication in geriatric patients with multiple comorbidities achieve better result than conservative treatment?” Review Method: Literature search using keywords ’malignant otitis externa’ OR ’temporal bone osteomyelitis’ AND ’geriatric’ OR ’elderly’ AND ’multiple cranial nerve palsy’ AND ’diabetes mellitus’ AND ’tuberculosis’ AND ’surgery’ OR ’surgical’ was conducted through Cochrane, Pubmed, and Google Scholar. Result: The search obtained 11 articles published in the last 10 years. Selection based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 2 studies were found relevant with the topic. Conclusion: Management of malignant otitis externa with complications in geriatric patients with multiple comorbidities requires a multidisciplinary approach to determine the need for surgery intervention.
Original languageEnglish
JournalORLI
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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