Introduction and importance: Degeneration process occurs in humans after reaching their maximum potential. The degeneration process in the spine includes osteoporosis and degenerative disc disease, however, the conventional treatment causes many post-operative complications. Minimally invasive procedures have recently been carried out considering the same expected outcome and minimally injuring other tissues. Biological approaches using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and secretomes are more promising for bone-related issues. We report a degenerative spine case managed with minimally invasive procedures combined with a biological approach. Case presentation: An 83-year-old woman with a chief complaint of back pain after a fall, the physical examination found a painful area in the lower back accompanied by motor weakness in both legs, causing daily use of a wheelchair. Radiology examinations showed compression fracture, bulging disc, and osteoporosis. The patient underwent multiple minimally invasive procedures, namely vertebroplasty, MSCs implantation, PLDD, and secretome implantation. Clinical discussion: From 6 months of follow-up, it was found that the patient's posture getting better, the pain was reduced, and the results of the BMD examination were improved. The patient was able to carry out normal activities. This is due to vertebroplasty which strengthens the structure, PLDD which decompresses the disc, and implantation of MSCs and secretomes which improves the quality of the bone and surrounding tissue. Conclusion: The multi-minimally invasive procedure is potential for complex degenerative spine cases, particularly when combined with biological approaches using stem cells and secretomes in elderly, considering that complications from conventional treatment are quite common in elderly.
- Case report
- Degenerative spine
- Secretome from MSCs
- Umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs)