Comparison study on morphology and mechanical properties of starch, lignin, cellulose - Based polyurethane foam

E. Kustiyah, D. A. Setiaji, I. A. Nursan, W. N. Syahidah, M. Chalid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this research, new hybrid bio-polyurethane foam was fabricated by reacting with biomass such as lignin, starch and cellulose. Hybrid bio-polyurethane foam was prepared by reacting Toluene Diisocyanate 80 (TDI 80) and Polypropylene Glycol 2000 (PPG 2000), and then the variation of biomass was added to the reaction. Hybrid bio-polyurethane foam was characterized its tensile strength, indentation load deflection and airflow. Mechanical properties measurements indicated that the highest tensile strength was obtained polyurethane (PU)-lignin foam meanwhile the highest hardness was obtained PU-cellulose foam. Airflow test showed that PU-cellulose foam has more closed cell than PU-lignin and PU-starch. The morphology of foam was investigated using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The SEM showed that starch has a smaller pore surface than other biomass. The cell morphology of hybrid biomass based polyurethane foam were closed with some particle stick onto the cell wall.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019
EditorsOsi Arutanti, Ahmad Randy, Muhammad Arifuddin Fitriady
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2019
Event5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019, ISAC 2019 - Bumi Serpong Dama (BSD) City, Tangerang, Indonesia
Duration: 23 Oct 201924 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2175
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019, ISAC 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityBumi Serpong Dama (BSD) City, Tangerang
Period23/10/1924/10/19

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  • Cite this

    Kustiyah, E., Setiaji, D. A., Nursan, I. A., Syahidah, W. N., & Chalid, M. (2019). Comparison study on morphology and mechanical properties of starch, lignin, cellulose - Based polyurethane foam. In O. Arutanti, A. Randy, & M. A. Fitriady (Eds.), Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Applied Chemistry 2019 [020061] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2175). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5134625