Comparison study of Distributed Raman Amplifier gain characteristics on CWDM band by employing SMF, NZDF, DCF, & DSF based on numerical simulation

V. Vekky R. Repi, Ucuk Darusalam, Purnomo Sidi Priambodo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

On this preliminary work we employ Distributed Raman Amplifier with pumping schemes are forward- & backward pumping on SMF. The model of simulation and analysis used are multiple-pump interactions on CWDM band. We used four level configuration of pumps on wavelengths; 1435nm, 1445nm, 1455nm and 1465nm with the range of tuneable power levels are 300mWatt - 400mWatt each ones. The average results of Stokes gain measured at L=0Km and L=40Km are 17.875B and -3.5dB respectively while the Noise Figure is at the range of 3dB - 2.SdB. The maximum length of fiber are reach at L=∼50Km. Two factors found that could decreasing the performances of Distributed Raman Amplifier are amplified spontaneous scattering (ASS) and Rayleigh backscattering effects. Finally the flattening gains for C band are reached successfully.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2007 Asia-Pacific Conference on Applied Electromagnetics Proceedings, APACE2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
Event2007 Asia-Pacific Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, APACE2007 - Melaka, Malaysia
Duration: 4 Dec 20076 Dec 2007

Publication series

Name2007 Asia-Pacific Conference on Applied Electromagnetics Proceedings, APACE2007

Conference

Conference2007 Asia-Pacific Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, APACE2007
CountryMalaysia
CityMelaka
Period4/12/076/12/07

Keywords

  • Amplified spontaneous scattering
  • C-band
  • Distributed Raman Amplifier
  • Forward- & backward pump
  • Multiple-pump interactions
  • Noise figures
  • Rayleigh backscattering
  • Standard single-mode fiber (SMF)
  • Stimulated Raman Scattering (SRS)
  • Stokes gain
  • WDM

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