The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the Video Modeling Berkunjung ke Dokter Gigi (VM-BDG) intervention method with that of the Visual Pedagogy Module Berkunjung ke Dokter Gigi (VPM-BDG) in reducing stress levels in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) during dental treatment. This clinical and laboratory experimental study comprised 20 children (age, 6-10 years) who had been diagnosed with ASD. They were divided into two groups based on the type of intervention: VM-BDG and VPM-BDG. Saliva was collected from the children before and after the interventions and analyzed in the laboratory to measure the changes in delta values of salivary cortisol concentration. The Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the effectiveness of the two interventions. The median values in the two intervention groups were-0.006 and 0.0005. The delta values of the salivary cortisol levels showed that both VM-BDG and VPM-BDG effectively decreased the level of stress in the ASD children. No statistically significant difference in the delta values was observed between the two groups (p =0.762). Both VM-BDG and VPM-BDG are equally effective in reducing stress levels in children with ASD.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of International Dental and Medical Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Salivary cortisol
- Video modeling
- Visual pedagogy