Comparison of two visual techniques in decreasing stress levels in children with autism spectrum disorder

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the Video Modeling Berkunjung ke Dokter Gigi (VM-BDG) intervention method with that of the Visual Pedagogy Module Berkunjung ke Dokter Gigi (VPM-BDG) in reducing stress levels in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) during dental treatment. This clinical and laboratory experimental study comprised 20 children (age, 6-10 years) who had been diagnosed with ASD. They were divided into two groups based on the type of intervention: VM-BDG and VPM-BDG. Saliva was collected from the children before and after the interventions and analyzed in the laboratory to measure the changes in delta values of salivary cortisol concentration. The Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the effectiveness of the two interventions. The median values in the two intervention groups were-0.006 and 0.0005. The delta values of the salivary cortisol levels showed that both VM-BDG and VPM-BDG effectively decreased the level of stress in the ASD children. No statistically significant difference in the delta values was observed between the two groups (p =0.762). Both VM-BDG and VPM-BDG are equally effective in reducing stress levels in children with ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1136-1139
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Salivary cortisol
  • Video modeling
  • Visual pedagogy

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