Comparison of pyrogallol derivative performance using methyl linoleate from sunflower oil and corn oil as biodiesel antioxidant additives

N. F. Ahadan, H. Adipoetra, A. Nuryati, G. P. Dewi, M. Nasikin

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel derived from vegetable oils. Biodiesel has the disadvantage of being easily oxidized due to unsaturated bonds. Previous studies have shown that pyrogallol and pure methyl linoleate's reaction with 2.2 diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) to form pyrogallol derivative has been proven to improve the solubility and performance of pyrogallol as an antioxidant in biodiesel. However, the use of pure methyl linoleate is not economical if applied at the industrial scale. In this research, pyrogallol derivative performance using impure methyl linoleate obtained from transesterification of sunflower oil and corn oil, which forms sunflower biodiesel and corn biodiesel, was compared. Based on GCMS, the methyl linoleate content of sunflower biodiesel was 54.13%, and corn biodiesel was 47.27%. FTIR showed a shift in the C-O group's peak from the base of the biodiesel spectra, which shows the formation of a pyrogallol derivative. LCMS/MS showed m/z values indicating that the compound contained methyl linoleate and pyrogallol dimer. The addition of both compounds showed a low absorbance difference value in UV-Vis, thus have better solubility in biodiesel than pure pyrogallol. The addition of both compounds showed a negative slope of iodine number and a longer induction period than palm oil biodiesel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012035
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume749
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2021
EventInternational Conference of Biomass and Bioenergy 2020, ICBB 2020 - Bogor, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 10 Aug 202011 Aug 2020

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