Comparison of original honey (Apis sp and Tetragonula sp) and fake honey compounds in Indonesia using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)

Nur Widdya Damayanti, Muhammad Sahlan, Kenny Lischer, Heri Hermansyah, Benyamin Kusumoputro, Diah Kartika Pratami

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Honey is a liquid produced by bees from nectar which contains vitamins, acids, minerals, and enzymes that are useful for the human body because honey is very beneficial, it can be used as an alternative medicine for human's healthiness. Authentication of honey has primary importance for both industries and consumers because until now, there is no guarantee of honey's authenticity especially in Indonesia. As for the classification of honey bees, is based on the fact that the content of honey produced between Apis sp. and stingless bees (most widely harvested honey bees in Indonesia) have differences depending on the type of honey-producing bee, nectar, geographical location, temperature, etc. In this study, the authors tested samples of original honey and fake honey using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GCMS), because GCMS has more accurate results than another test equipment. From this research, the authors obtained compounds that became marker or differentiators between the original honey Apis melifera, A.dorsata, A.cerana and also from fake honey samples (Original honey added with melted fructose and NaHCO3). So that we can find out the possibility of the origin of producing bees and the authenticity of honey by looking at the components contained in honey. The results from this research are Honey from Tetragonula sp species and fake honey have several components of different compounds with honey from Apis sp. Compounds that can be a difference between original and fake honey are ethanol and carbon dioxide.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2019
EditorsKenny Lischer, Tomy Abuzairi, Siti Fauziyah Rahman, Misri Gozan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419445
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019
Event4th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering�s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2019 - Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia
Duration: 22 Jul 201924 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2193
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering�s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityPadang, West Sumatera
Period22/07/1924/07/19

Keywords

  • Apis sp
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS)
  • Honey
  • Stingless bee

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    Damayanti, N. W., Sahlan, M., Lischer, K., Hermansyah, H., Kusumoputro, B., & Pratami, D. K. (2019). Comparison of original honey (Apis sp and Tetragonula sp) and fake honey compounds in Indonesia using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In K. Lischer, T. Abuzairi, S. F. Rahman, & M. Gozan (Eds.), 4th Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices: Proceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2019 [030018] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2193). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5139355