Comparison of mother’s therapeutic touch and voice stimulus in reduce pain in premature infants undergoing invasive procedures

Defi Efendi, Nining Caswini, Reisy Tane, Maria Dyah Kurniasari, Huda Mega Hasanul, Raudha Ilmi Farid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Invasive procedures commonly cause recurring pain in preterm infants. Noninvasive pain management is an essential part of nursing intervention in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The study’s aim is to identify the impact of touch therapy on pain in premature infants undergoing invasive treatments. The method was a quasi-experiment with 63 premature infants. The premature infants were classified into four groups: i) Mother’s touch Therapy (MTT), ii) Mother’s Voice Stimulus (MVS), iii) a combination of MTT and MVS, and iv) routine care. The observed infants’ pain scores were determined through a multiple regression model using the Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) method. The GEE test showed that the combination of touch and sound therapy significantly reduced pain in premature infants undergoing invasive measures (p<0.05). A combined application of MTT and MVS is the most effective in reducing pain scores in infants undergoing invasive procedures and thus, can used safely as part of nursing intervention in the NICU.

Original languageEnglish
Article number259
JournalPediatria Medica e Chirurgica
Volume43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Invasive procedures
  • Mother touch therapy
  • Mother voice stimulus
  • Pain
  • Premature infant

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