Comparison of lung function values of trained divers in 1.5 ATA hyperbaric chamber after inhaling 100% oxygen and regular air: A crossover study

Muhammad Irfan Ilmi, Faisal Yunus, Mohammad Guritno Suryokusumo, Triya Damayanti, Erlang Samoedro, Ahmad Muslim Nazaruddin, Fariz Nurwidya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Diving is an activity performed in more than 1 atmosphere absolute pressure (ATA) either underwater or in a hyperbaric chamber. We aimed to compare lung function values of trained divers in 1.5 ATA hyperbaric chambers after inhaling 100% oxygen and regular air. Methods: This experimental study with crossover design involved 18 trained divers in 1.5 ATA hyperbaric room, which is equivalent to a 5-meter depth. The eighteen subjects as the supplementation group, using oro-nasal mask, inhaled 100% oxygen for 30 minutes followed by a one-day washout period. The subjects were then crossed-over into control group inhaling only regular air for 30 minutes. Lung function test was performed before and after supplementation. Results: In eighteen subjects inhaling regular air, there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) in FEV1/FVC, PEF, FEF25, FEF50, and FEF75. Whereas in eighteen subjects inhaling 100% oxygen, significant difference (p < 0.05) was observed not only in FEV1/FVC, PEF, FEF25, FEF50 and FEF75, but also in FEV1. Conclusions: There were significant differences in lung function, especially in dynamic volume of trained divers in 1.5 ATA hyperbaric chamber after inhaling 100% oxygen and regular air for 30 minutes; while there were no significant differences in lung capacity (VC and FVC) in the both groups. Lung function returned to normal following supplementation with a 1-day washout period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalAdvances in Respiratory Medicine
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Diving
  • Hyperbaric oxygenation
  • Spirometry
  • Ventilation

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