Background: The relationship between visual assessment and longitudinal strain during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) remains poorly investigated. This study assessed wall motion segments visually graded as normokinetic, hypokinetic, and akinetic at baseline and the peak of DSE and compared with longitudinal strain between segments with and without induced impaired contractility and improved contractility during DSE. Methods: This study included 112 patients examined by DSE, consisting of 58 patients referred for diagnostic study and 54 patients referred for viability study. Regional left ventricular (LV) contractility was assessed visually and longitudinal strain was measured using echocardiography transthoracic. Results: At baseline, the strain of LV segments was-16.33 ± 6.26 in visually normokinetic, 13.05 ± 6.44 in visually hypokinetic, and-8.46 ± 5.69 in visually akinetic segments. During peak dose, the strain of LV segments was-15.37 ± 6.89 in visually normokinetic,-11.37 ± 5.11 in visually hypokinetic, and-7.37 ± 3.92 in visually akinetic segments. In segments with visually observed impaired contractility, the median longitudinal strain was significantly lower than in segments without impaired contractility. For segments with visually observed improved contractility, the median longitudinal strain was significantly higher than for segments without improved contractility. In diagnostic study, sensitivity of visual assessment for absolute decrease of >2% longitudinal strain was 77%, respectively. In the viability study, the sensitivity was 82% for an absolute decrease of ≥2% longitudinal strain. Conclusions: There is good association between strain analysis value and visually assessed wall motion contractility.
- diagnostic study
- Dobutamine stress echocardiography
- longitudinal strain
- viability study
- visual assessment