Comparing the Effect of Classical and Modified Thoracolumbar Interfascial Plane Block on Postoperative Pain and IL-6 Level in Posterior Lumbar Decompression and Stabilization Surgery

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Abstract

Background: Ultrasound (US)-guided classical and modified thoracolumbar interfascial plane (TLIP) blocks are often used to pro-vide adequate analgesia after lumbar spinal surgery. Postoperative pro-inflammatory interleukin 6 (IL-6) blood concentrations after lumbar spine surgery are related to postoperative pain and inflammation. Objectives: The purpose of this prospective randomized parallel controlled study was to assess postoperative pain and serum levels of pro-inflammatory IL-6 after posterior lumbar decompression and stabilization surgery with a classical and modified technique of TLIP block. Methods: This prospective randomized, single-blinded controlled pilot study was conducted on eight patients who will undergo posterior lumbar decompression and stabilization surgery. After obtaining the ethical approval and an informed consent, all sub-jects were randomly allocated into the classic TLIP group and the modified TLIP group. Following general anesthesia induction, 20 mL bupivacaine 0.25% was injected on each side in interfascialis plane between m. longissimus and m. iliocostalis in modified TLIP group and between m. multifidus and m. longissimus in classical TLIP group. Intraoperative hemodynamic (blood pressure and heart rate) and noxious stimulation response level (qNOX), postoperative IL-6 level, 24-hour morphine consumption, and numerical rating score were recorded and analyzed. Results: The median of IL-6 level was found to be lower in the modified TLIP group 12 hours postoperatively compared to classic TLIP (29.91 (8.56 – 87.61) vs. 46.87 (2.87 – 92.35)). The mean Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) in the modified TLIP block was comparable with the classic TLIP group, although it was lower than the classic TLIP group (2.75 ± 1.5 vs. 3.75 ± 1.7 at 6 hours and 3.5 ± 1.3 vs. 4 ± 1.6 12 hours postoperatively). However, there was no difference in intraoperative hemodynamic, Qnox value, and total postoperative morphine consumption between the two groups. Conclusions: Our study showed that modified TLIP block resulted in lower IL-6 level and NRS 12 hours postoperatively compared to classical TLIP block. However, there were no differences in total postoperative morphine consumption between the two groups.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere122174
JournalAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Anesthesia Regional
  • Blocks
  • Lumbar Decompression
  • Lumbar Surgery

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