Comparing compliance and efficacy of isocaloric oral nutritional supplementation using 1.5 kcal/mL or 1 kcal/mL sip feeds in mildly to moderately malnourished Indonesian children: A randomized controlled trial

Yoga Devaera, Danny Maesadatu Syaharutsa, Herwasto Kuncoroyakti Jatmiko, Damayanti Rusli Sjarif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study set out to evaluate the compliance to, and efficacy of oral supplementation, using a 1.5 kcal/mL or 1 kcal/mL sip feed, in children with mild to moderate malnutrition. Methods: This was a parallel, randomized, controlled open-label trial in children aged 3 to 6 years with a weight for height Z (WHZ) score < -1 and ≥-3, who were randomized to receive a total of 600 kcal/day from either a 1.5 kcal/mL or a 1.0 kcal/mL pediatric sip feed for 28 days. Assessments included daily study product intake, body weight, tolerance and dietary intake from solid food. Results: Of 110 children recruited, 98 (mean±standard deviation of age 49±7 months) completed the study. Both sip feeds were well tolerated, with high compliance (80±24% and 81±22% of prescribed volume in 1.5 kcal/mL and 1.0 kcal/mL groups respectively, p=0.79). Both study groups gained similar weight during the 28 days intervention period (0.42±0.40 kg in 1.5 kcal/mL group vs. 0.49±0.49 kg in 1.0 kcal/mL group, p=0.43). There were no significant differences between the groups in weight gain and in the change in WHZ score over the intervention period. Dietary analysis at the end of the study did not show replacement of solid food by the oral nutritional supplements. Conclusion: In children with mild to moderate malnutrition, both 1.5 kcal/mL and 1 kcal/mL pediatric sip feeds had high compliance and were well tolerated, and were equally effective in promoting weight gain in the 28 days study period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-320
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Children
  • High calorie
  • Liquid oral nutritional supplementation
  • Malnutrition

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