Comparative bioavailability of two estazolam tablet formulations in Indonesian healthy volunteers

Yahdiana Harahap, Lucy Sasongko, Budi Prasaja, Ega Indriati, Windy Lusthom, Lipin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aim: To compare the bioavailability of two estazolam (CAS 29975-16-4) tablet formulations (Estalin® 2 mg tablets as test formulation and 2 mg tablets of the originator product as reference formulation). Methods: The study was conducted according to an open label, randomized two-way cross-over design with a two-week washout period. Twenty-four subjects received each of the two estazolam formulations. Blood samples for pharmacokinetic profiling were taken up to 72 h after drug administration in fasting condition. Plasma concentrations of estazolam were determined with a validated HPLC method with ultraviolet detection. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated from observed plasma concentration-time profiles. Results: The mean AUC0-t, AUC 0-∞ and Cmax were 2581.38 ng·h/mL, 2934.37 ng· h/mL and 95.25 ng/mL, respectively for the test formulation and 2835.75 ng·h/ mL, 3207.73 ng·h/mL and 99.32 ng/mL, respectively, for the reference formulation. The median Tmax for both formulations was 1 h. The point estimates and 90 % confidence intervals for AUC0-t, AUC0-∞ and Cmax were 91.03% (87.48-94.72%), 91.48% (86.67-96.55%) and 95.90% (92.60-99.31 %) respectively, satisfying the bioequivalence criteria of the European Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products and the US Food and Drug Administration guidelines. Conclusion: These results indicate that two formulations of estazolam are bioequivalent and, thus, may be prescribed interchangeably.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-504
Number of pages4
JournalArzneimittel-Forschung/Drug Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Benzodiazepines
  • CAS 29975-16-4
  • Estalin®
  • Estazolam, bioequivalence, pharmacokinetics
  • Hypnotics
  • Sedatives


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