Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES) is a rare multisystem syndrome that affects musculoskeletal system, connective tissue, and immune system. Immune dysregulation in hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome often accompanied by autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus. While the role of IgG autoantibody is well known in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus, other subtypes of autoantibodies, IgE in particular, are now known to be involved in autoimmune process. A female with known elevated IgE was diagnosed with adult onset HIES. Atypical chest pain and otherwise normal cardiac imaging studies prompted her for further lab testings. Positive antinuclear antibody immunofluorescence test and elevated anti ds-DNA led to SLE diagnosis. Lack of characteristic clinical manifestations complicates establishing HIES while showing the extent to which IgE elevation could be related to SLE.
|Journal||Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2021|
- Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome
- Systematic lupus erythematosus.