Coastal vulnerability assessment for the megacity of Jakarta, Indonesia under enhanced sea-level rise and land subsidence

Abd Rahman As-syakur, Herlambang Aulia Rachman, Muhammad Rizki Nandika, Martiwi Diah Setiawati, Masita Dwi Mandini Manessa, Atika Kumala Dewi, Rinaldy Terra Pratama

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This study aims to identify threats posed by the combined effects of climate change and land subsidence using a coastal vulnerability index (CVI) approach in one of the most densely populated coastal cities in the world, Jakarta, Indonesia. The CVI identifies, assesses, and classifies vulnerability using seven physical variables: coastal slope, coastline changes, geomorphology, relative sea-level changes, vertical land motion in the form of subsidence, tidal range, and significant wave height. The results indicate that more than 36% of the total coastline length has high to very high CVI status, mainly distributed in the central to the east part of Jakarta's coastline. The speed of sea-level rise and land subsidence is vital in creating a high to very high vulnerability class. This assessment will benefit local governments when determining the targeted campaign for mitigating and adapting coastal hazards.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClimate Change, Community Response and Resilience
Subtitle of host publicationInsight for Socio-Ecological Sustainability
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780443187070
ISBN (Print)9780443187087
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • adaptation
  • anthropogenic pressure
  • applied geology
  • atmospheric science
  • climate change
  • coastal hazards
  • coastal vulnerability
  • conservation
  • CVI
  • earth sciences
  • ecosystem ecology
  • environmental geography
  • environmental management
  • environmental management tool
  • environmental monitoring
  • environmental policy
  • environmental pollution
  • environmental protection
  • environmental science
  • geography
  • geomatics
  • human habitat
  • hydrology
  • Jakarta
  • land subsidence
  • natural hazard
  • natural resource management
  • natural resources
  • Oceanography
  • operations management
  • political geography
  • sea level
  • spatial ecology
  • structural engineering
  • terrestrial science
  • tourism


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