Coastal Livelihood Sustainability Analysis of Migration Activity at Tanjung Luar and Salura Island Indonesia

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Abstract

Coastal Livelihood Sustainability Analysis (CLSA) concept is one form of SES (Social Ecological System) framework. CLSA is developed from the coastal and ocean resource management framework, where social structures are always linked to ecological or natural systems. The purpose of this research is to analyze the interaction or connectivity of the functional systematic relationship. This is based on humans always utilizing the ecological services of a functional system relationship. This CLSA approach is a systematic approach that is influenced by temporal spatial aspects. The interaction results of social and ecological systems can be seen from the existence of assets (human made capital), which is an aspect of the material resources used by humans to carry out activities. There are several types of human made capital, which are described as physical, human, economic and social assets. All these assets are necessary to achieve the objectives of resource sustainability. The sustainability of the livelihood management of migrant fishing communities, which have high livelihood vulnerabilities. The sustainability of livelihoods is supported by five major livelihood sources that will be enabled to develop life as a capital asset. The main sources of livelihood are the assets or natural capital, human capital, financial capital, physical capital and social capital. The success of sustainable livelihood is strongly influenced by the condition of all capitals that is how value of service flowing from stock of capital owned. CLSA in this research is the identification to livelihood assets of migrant fishermen at origin and destination area in migration activity. There are different condition between destination and an origin area of migration. This research can be improved of capital assets. By knowing the status of resources and capital assets of livelihood at Tanjung Luar and Salura, it can be determined alternative livelihoods. Alternative livelihoods can be created in order to improve the welfare of coastal communities. The method in this research is a survey research method. The analysis conducted is quantitative descriptive analysis using the CLSA framework of Emertoon. Stages and steps in the data analysis were to assess the status and owned of livelihood assets, that consists are natural resources assets, human assets, economic assets, social assets, and also physical assets. The result of this research is determined that Salura Island as a destination area only has the high of natural resources assets. This means that the main livelihood assets of the Salura Island are natural resources assets. Usually the assets of resources, human, financial, physical and social assets are mostly better in the destination area of migration, but the results of the research have determined that different with concept of migration. The result also shows that Salura Island as a migration destination with higher asset resource existence can be used as a source of livelihood by squid migrant fish to continue the sustainability of livelihood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012032
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume338
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2019
Event13th Southeast Asian Geography Association Conference, SEAGA 2017 - Depok, West Java, Indonesia
Duration: 28 Nov 20171 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • capital assets
  • Coastal livelihood
  • migration
  • Salura Island
  • Tanjung Luar

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