CO 2 attack on API Class-G cement and the role of CaO swelling cements admixtures

J. M. Palilu, B. Soegijono, B. T.H. Marbun

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


API Class-G cement is Portland cement that commonly applied as zonal isolation material in oil and/or gas well. Corrosion against the zonal isolation could lead to potential leakage of formation fluid such as oil, gas, or water. It is well known that ordinary Portland cement is thermodynamically unstable in the CO 2 rich environment, which can be found in the CO 2 geological sequestration. The CO 2 attack on API Class-G cement had been observed through experiments that simulate the downhole condition of Geological Sequestration of CO 2 . Some of the experiment revealed the detrimental effect of CO 2 such as increase of porosity and permeability of the cement sheath corroded by the CO 2 attack. The degradation of API Class-G cement by CO 2 involves formation and crystallization of CaCO 3 from Ca(OH) 2 which is formed during hydration of cement. In this experiment, we examine the role of the addition of CaO swelling cement by weight fraction to mitigate the corrosion caused by CO 2 against downhole hardened API Class-G cement thus inhibits the occurrence of leakage path of CO 2 . The characterization and analysis by XRD, optical microscope and cement paste uniaxial volumetric expansion were presented in this paper. The conclusion will provide insights into the design of carbonation resistant cement slurries using swelling cement admixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012045
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2019
Event4th International Symposium on Frontier of Applied Physics, ISFAP 2018 - Tangerang Selatan, Banten, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 20182 Nov 2018


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