The development of a recyclable catalyst based on magnetic nanoparticles has attracted an increasing interest as the emerging application in the heterogeneous catalyst field. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle with citric acid as capping agent was successfully obtained from iron (III) chloride solution via two steps synthesis. The first step involving the formation of magnetite nanoparticle by bioreduction using Sargassum Sp, then its surface was modified by adding citric acid solution in the second step. The structural, surface morphology and magnetic properties of the nanocatalyst were investigated by various instrumentations such as scanning electron microscope with energy dispersive (SEM-EDS), and particle size analyser (PSA). Fe3O4-CA was then applied as reusable catalyst for Knoevenagel condensation of barbituric acid and cinnamaldehyde to produce (E)-5-(3-phenylallylidene)pyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione. The optimum condition of this reaction was achieved by using 7.5% mole of catalyst at 50°C for 6 h to give 83% yield. Some spectroscopy techniques such as UV-Vis, FTIR, LC-MS and 1H-NMR were used to confirm the product's structure. Furthermore, the synthesized compound has an attractive antioxidant activity based on the in-vitro analysis using DPPH method.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2 May 2017|
|Event||International Symposium on Current Progress in Functional Materials 2016, ISCPFM 2016 - Bali, Indonesia|
Duration: 26 Jul 2016 → 27 Jul 2016