Chronological age vs biological age: An age-related normogram for antral follicle count, FSH and anti-Mullerian hormone

Budi Wiweko, Dyah Mustikaning Pitha Prawesti, Andon Hestiantoro, Kanadi Sumapraja, Muharam Natadisastra, Ali Baziad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To evaluate the correlation between chronological and biological age by comparing the normograms of AFC, AMH, and FSH. Design: Retrospective study Setting: Data were taken from patients who visited the Infertility Clinic at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital Jakarta, Indonesia, between January 2008 and December 2010. Patient(s): Infertile women who visited the Infertility Clinic. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Normogram of AFC (n = 366), AMH (n = 1616) and FSH (n = 415). Result(s): The correlations among AFC, AMH, FSH, and age are statistically significant. Normograms of AFC and AMH with 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, and 97th percentiles showed a decrease in age where FSH increased. A cut-off value of AFC, AMH, and FSH for poor responders was plotted at the 50th percentile of each normogram. Serum AMH and AFC started to decline in women between 34 and 35 years old. We found a relatively lower slope increase of FSH in older patients compared to that of AFC and AMH. FSH was observed to be a later predictor of biological age than AMH and AFC. Conclusion(s): AMH predicted biological age earlier than FSH or AFC. Normograms can provide a reference guide for physicians to counsel infertile women. However, future validation with longitudinal data is still needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1563-1567
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • Anti-Mullerian hormone
  • Antral follicle count
  • FSH
  • Normogram


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