China-Japan-Korea (CJK)’s FTA strategy towards ASEAN countries: A game theoretical approach

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the FTA strategies of China, Japan and Korea (CJK) toward ASEAN countries using a three-player game. It explores the implications of China, Japan, and/or Korea participating in an FTA with ASEAN and the corresponding rewards in a payoff matrix. The Nash equilibrium occurs when China, Korea and Japan all choose to participate in an FTA with ASEAN. Dominant strategies and response functions for each country are analyzed using Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) and Vector Auto Regression (VAR) models. The paper also finds that Japan’s action to create FTA will be the most effective for regional settings. Although the game analysis is backward looking, it is a useful benchmark for understanding future FTA policies in East Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Economic Cooperation and Development
Volume36
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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