Chemical profiling of clove bud oil (Syzygium aromaticum) from Toli-Toli and Bali by GC-MS analysis

A. S. Sulistyoningrum, Endang Saefudin, Antonius Herry Cahyana, D. U.C. Rahayu, B. Amelia, J. Haib

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Indonesia is the largest clove producer in the world. In 2012, total world clove production is 113,215 tons where nearly 71 % (79,250 tons) comes from Indonesia. Although Indonesia is a major producer of clove in the world, research and publications about cloves in this country are scarce and hence knowledge about characteristics of difference varieties of cloves is very limited. The present study was aimed to compare major and minor constituents in clove oil responsible for their flavor based on origin which are cloves from Toli-Toli and Bali. The clove bud oil was isolated from clove bud (Syzygium aromaticum) using steam distillation. The compounds of clove bud oil was analyzed using GC-MS. The major compounds of clove oil were eugenol, caryophyllene, α-humulene and eugenyl acetate with composition 66.37 %, 15.38 %, 1.97 % and 12.99 %, respectively (Toli-Toli) and clove from Bali were 72.34 %, 12.51 %, 2.34 % and 5.33 %, respectively. The unique minor compounds of clove oil from Toli-Toli were (+)-δ-cadinene (0.13 %) and β-caryophylladienol (0.19 %) while in clove oil from Bali were valencene (0.17 %), δ-selinene (0.22 %) and alloaromadendrene (0.24 %). A total of 36 compounds were identified from the clove bud oil Toli-Toli and 38 compounds from the clove bud oil Bali.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016
EditorsKiki Ariyanti Sugeng, Djoko Triyono, Terry Mart
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415362
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2017
Event2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016 - Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 20162 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1862
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok, Jawa Barat
Period1/11/162/11/16

Keywords

  • Syzygium aromaticum
  • chemical composition
  • steam distillation

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    Sulistyoningrum, A. S., Saefudin, E., Cahyana, A. H., Rahayu, D. U. C., Amelia, B., & Haib, J. (2017). Chemical profiling of clove bud oil (Syzygium aromaticum) from Toli-Toli and Bali by GC-MS analysis. In K. A. Sugeng, D. Triyono, & T. Mart (Eds.), International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016 [030089] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1862). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4991193