Characterization of coatings formed on AZX magnesium alloys by plasma electrolytic oxidation

Anawati, Muhammad Dikdik Gumelar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO) is an electrochemical anodization process which involves the application of a high voltage to create intense plasma on a metal surface to form a ceramic type of oxide. The resulted coating exhibits high wear resistance and good corrosion barrier which are suitable to enhance the performance of biodegradable Mg alloys. In this work, the role of alloying element Ca in modifying the characteristics of PEO layer formed on AZ61 series magnesium alloys was investigated. PEO treatment was conducted on AZ61, AZX611, and AZX612 alloys in 0.5 M Na3PO4 solution at a constant current of 200 A/m2 at 25°C for 8 min. The resulted coatings were characterized by field emission-scanning electron microscope (FESEM), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), as well as hardness test. The presence of alloying element Ca in the AZ61 alloys accelerated the PEO coatings formation without altering the coating properties significantly. The coating formed on AZX specimen was slightly thicker (~14-17 μm) than that of formed onthe AZ specimens (~13 μm). Longer exposure time to plasma discharge was the reason for faster thickening of the coating layer on AZX specimen. XRD detected a similar crystalline oxide phase of Mg3(PO4)2 in the oxide formed on all of the specimens. Zn was highly incorporated in the coatings with a concentration in the range 24-30 wt%, as analyzed by XRF. Zn compound might exist in amorphous phases. The microhardness test on the coatings revealed similar average hardness ~124 HVon all of the specimens.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials, ISMM 2017
Subtitle of host publicationMetallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development
EditorsM. Yunan Hasbi, Daniel Panghihutan Malau, Dhyah Annur, M. Ikhlasul Amal, Satrio Herbirowo, Yulinda Lestari
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416697
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2018
Event1st International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials: Metallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development, ISMM 2017 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 24 Oct 201725 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1964
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference1st International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials: Metallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development, ISMM 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityJakarta
Period24/10/1725/10/17

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