Characterization and Fabrication of Metakaolin using Pulau Bangka Kaolin

Sotya Astutiningsih, Irwin M. Banjarnahor, Ahmad Zakiyuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Geopolymer material is an advanced material that is now being looked for its use as a refractory material, additive for building material, as well as other applications. Geopolymer is produced by polymerizing the precursor used in the process. One of the common precursors being used as geopolymer is metakaolin. The metakaolin was produced by thermal treatment (calcination) of kaolin minerals, which will convert its mineral structure from crystaline into amorphous and make it more reactive. This paper presents the fabrication and characterization of metakaolin using kaolin from Bangka island. The main structure of kaolin used in this study are kaolinite and muscovite according to XRD results obtained. Metakaolin was produced by thermal treatment using three different calcination temperatures ranged from 600 to 700°C and calcined for 4 hours. Prior to calcination, some specimens will be mechanically milled using planetary ball mill for 15 minutes with the milling speed of 20.00 rad/s and will also be calcined with the same parameter. As a comparison, commercial metakaolin MetaStar also be used to compare it to all metakaolin produced. All metakaolin produced are characterized by XRD and SEM, and STA test will be performed to kaolin to examine its thermal behavior. The STA test performed to both milled and non-milled sample shows that dehydroxylation and reconstruction process occurs at temperature range of 460-520°C and 520-640°C for kaolin sample, and at temperature of 426-537°C and 537-618°C for milled kaolin sample. XRD pattern obtained shows that almost all metakaolin produced have the relatively similar pattern to each other as well as to MetaStar, with the main peak of quartz (SiO 2 ) at 2= 26.60° to 26.65°. The SEM results shows the characteristic layered-laminate plate-like structure of kaolin. Compared to another SEM results obtained, it can be concluded that there are no changes to the visible structure of metakaolin produced with the same kaolin used after calcination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number03021
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018
Event3rd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference "Sustainable Development of Tropical Renewable Energy", i-TREC 2018 - Kuta, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Sept 20188 Sept 2018


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