The rate and characteristics of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) bounce post-radiotherapy remain unclear. To address this issue, we performed a meta-analysis. Reports of PSA bounce postradiotherapy with a cutoff of 0.2 ng/mL were searched by using Medline and Web of Science. The primary endpoint was the occurrence rate, and the secondary endpoints were bounce characteristics such as amplitude, time to occurrence, nadir value, and time to nadir. Radiotherapy modality, age, risk classification, androgen deprivation therapy, and the follow-up period were extracted as clinical variables. Meta-analysis and univariate meta-regression were performed with randomeffect modeling. Among 290 search-positive studies, 50 reports including 26,258 patients were identified. The rate of bounce was 31%; amplitude was 1.3 ng/mL; time to occurrence was 18 months; nadir value was 0.5 ng/mL; time to nadir was 33 months. Univariate meta-regression analysis showed that radiotherapy modality (29.7%), age (20.2%), and risk classification (12.2%) were the major causes of heterogeneity in the rate of bounce. This is the first meta-analysis of PSA bounce post-radiotherapy. The results are useful for post-radiotherapy surveillance of prostate cancer patients.
- Prostate cancer
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
- PSA bounce