Characteristics of biodiesel production from cold plasma DBD reactors using a warm mixed castor oil and used oil

Kania Zara, Shafira Nabilla, Sesia Fitri Annisa, Setijo Bismo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The use of Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) cold plasma reactor for biodiesel synthesis in this study is considered effective in eliminating the formation of glycerol. Generally, glycerol is the main obstacle in biodiesel production. With the DBD cold plasma reactor, the field containing a set of high-energy electrons act as an electrocatalyst (plasma driven) in reacting triglycerides and methanol in a mixture of bait oil. This study was meant to determine the effect of temperature on the overall results and characteristics of FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Esther) or the resulting biodiesel. This synthesis process used castor oil mixed with used cooking oil (palm) and methanol as main reactants without catalysts. Argon gas was used as a plasma carrier gas. The plasma was generated from EPT (Electronic Power Transformer, also called Electronic High Voltage Transformer or Plasmatron, which has a voltage of up to 10 kilovolts (AC). The analytical method used was GC-FAME, GC-MS and FTIR in the determination of the acquisition of methyl esters from triglycerides. The optimum temperature was achieved at 40 °C with biodiesel product yields of 60.71%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2019
EditorsEny Kusrini, I. Gde Dharma Nugraha
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2020
Event4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 14 Aug 201916 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2255
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period14/08/1916/08/19

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