Characteristics of aluminum AC4B with variations of silicon nitride reinforced composite produced by a stir casting process

A. A. Faisal, A. Zulfia

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

At present, the combination of metal matrices and ceramic reinforcement as composite is popular for creating materials with good mechanical properties. Aluminum is used as a matrix because of its lightweight, ductile, and low melting point. In this reserach, the effect of adding silicon nitride on characteristics of Al AC4B is studied. Five sample variations were made based on fraction volume percent (1, 3, 5, 7, 10) which were fabricated through stir casting method. In the fabrication process the magnesium element was added to increase the wettability, TiB grain refiner, and modification with strontium element. The samples made got destructive, tensile, impact, and hardness testing to determine the mechanical properties of the composite. Observation of phases, elements, compounds and microstructure was done to see the distribution of reinforcing particles in the aluminum matrix and the estimated phases formed. The results showed that the optimum tensile strength of variable occurred at the addition of 1% volume of silicon nitride with a strength value of 104.94, and the optimum hardness value was at the addition of 3% Si3N4, which was 44.8 HRB. The phases formed in the composite were Mg2Si, Al2Cu, β-Al5FeSi, and π - Al9FeMg3Si5 phases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012129
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume673
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019
EventBroad Exposure to Science and Technology 2019, BEST 2019 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Aug 20198 Aug 2019

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