Challenges and trends of financial technology (Fintech): A systematic literature review

Ryan Randy Suryono, Indra Budi, Betty Purwandari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

107 Citations (Scopus)


Digital transformation creates challenges in all industries and business sectors. The development of digital transformation has also clearly triggered the emergence of fintech (financial technology) initiatives, which are recognized as some of the most important innovations in the financial industry. These initiatives are developing rapidly, driven in part by the sharing economy, regulations, and information technology. However, research in the field of fintech remains in its infancy. Fintech offers several services, such as funding, payment (including electronic wallets), e-aggregators, e-trading, and e-insurance, and cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. This provides an opportunity to more closely examine fintech’s research challenges and trends. This study aims to (1) determine the state of the art of financial technology research; (2) identify gaps in the financial technology research field; and (3) identify challenges and trends for future research potential. The novel proposal in this study includes theoretical contributions regarding financial technology. Using the systematic literature review approach of Kitchenham, in addition to thematic analysis, meta-analysis and observation to validate the quality of literature and analysis, the results of this study provide a theoretical basis fintech research from an information systems perspective, including the formulation of fintech technology concepts and their development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number590
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInformation (Switzerland)
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Financial technology
  • Fintech
  • Meta-analysis
  • Systematic literature review
  • Thematic analysis


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