Challenges and potential solutions in developing community supported agriculture: a literature review

Catharina Any Sulistyowati, Suraya A. Afiff, Muhammad Baiquni, Mia Siscawati

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Community supported agriculture (CSA) is regarded as a model that can show directions for more sustainable food systems. Therefore, the progressing knowledge regarding challenges and ways to cope with these is crucial to sustaining this model. A literature study was conducted from October 2021 to June 2022 to explore these challenges. We found the challenges experienced by farmers are (1) the expense of conversion to and maintenance of more sustainable farming practices, (2) the danger of farmers taking on more than they can handle, (3) complexities in farm management, and (4) labor shortage and limited skills. The challenges for CSA members include (1) time for the working share contribution, (2) the expense of joining a CSA, and (3) changing their food consumption habits according to the CSA harvest. The organizational challenges for a CSA are (1) members recruitment and retention, (2) competition among CSAs and other marketing channels, (3) gender and generational problems, (4) the influence of government intervention, and (5) CSA sustainability. The four potential solutions are (1) Strengthening membership support of CSAs, (2) Improvement of CSA management, (3) Increasing external resources available to CSAs, and (4) Changing laws to support the development and spread of CSAs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)834-856
Number of pages23
JournalAgroecology and Sustainable Food Systems
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Community supported agriculture
  • local food system
  • sustainable agriculture
  • sustainable farming
  • sustainable food system


Dive into the research topics of 'Challenges and potential solutions in developing community supported agriculture: a literature review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this