The purpose this is a preliminary research, identifying challenges, opportunities and the protection about traditional art "Rabab". The aim of the study is the preservation and protection of the Rabab in pariaman. The method used is qualitative in which the collected data is compiled and analysis with data collection is done through observation, interviews and documentation study. Based on the information was the member of the Gerakan Muda Minangkabau. The result of the study is to provide information that the art of rabab is rarely desirable and is becoming by young generation. In fact, the event in the area had been rarely is showing. If the situation for along time will become extinct without dokumentation or written note about this art. So that, we must preservation and taking care the art so that not lost. Because this art has many history value and also education value, economic value and also entertainment to the citizenry.